Design and synthesis of elementary molecular building blocks
This research axis is based on the fundamentals of synthetic chemistry, setting the basis for the research developed in the other axes of HiFunMat. In this sense, the main topics of this axis are the innovative preparation methods of functional molecules via developments in catalysis, metal-free processes, organometallic chemistry, photocatalysis, supported systems and enzymatic processes. The growth of catalytic methods, such as homogeneous, heterogeneous, asymmetric and multi-catalytic, is one of our main research areas. The development of new reactions and synthetic methods is a fundamental part of the axis as well. The synthesis of functional molecules and materials is attempted through redox chemistry, radical reactions, photo and electro-chemistry and sustainable chemistry methods. Within the development of synthetic methods, heterochemistry plays a central role with research projects in fluorine, lithium, boron, sulfur and phosphorus chemistry among other heteroatoms. Additionally, the control of chirality through synthesis is a well explored topic, which finds applications in catalysis, medicinal chemistry and energy-related technologies. The synthesis of elementary building blocks also comprises the synthesis of hybrid structures, such as metallic nanoparticles, supported catalysts and carbon-based materials. Finally, the fundamental building blocks are taken to a superior level providing them with specific functionalities to achieve tailored properties. This way, hydrogen-bonded materials and conjugated polymers have been designed to attain specific organization and electronic properties, metallopolymers with self-healing ability have been synthesized and stimuli-responsive materials are being explored.